Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is a goal that many people try to achieve in order to avoid the symptoms and complications of high blood pressure. Yet when blood pressure is too low, it can be a serious medical condition, potentially causing permanent damage to the heart and the brain.
Blood pressure is measured by the amount of pressure generated when the heart is pumping blood. Blood pressure is measured in two sets of numbers. The first number is the systolic reading, which is the pressure when the heart is beating. The second number is the diastolic number, the pressure when the heart is resting.
Maintaining a blood pressure equal to or lower than 120/80 is considered healthy, but if measurements go below 90 systolic or 60 diastolic, serious complications may arise. Some people have low blood pressure all the time, often with no symptoms, while others may develop it as a result of pregnancy, medication or dehydration, or after standing up or eating.
Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure
While some people may not experience any symptoms from low blood pressure, others may experience:
- Blurred vision
Treatment of Low Blood Pressure
Many cases of low blood pressure can be treated with simple home remedies such as increasing salt intake, drinking more water and using compression stockings. It is important to address the underlying cause when treating low blood pressure. Certain medications can also help treat the condition. Although low blood pressure may not cause problems for most people, maintaining a healthy blood pressure is important in order to maintain health and prevent heart damage.